Candles are made of many different materials. In ancient times the fat rendered from butchered animals, usually mutton or sheep, was used to make a type of candle. This material is known as tallow. Today you can still buy or make candles made of tallow; however the process has been refinished very much. Early tallow candles were pretty unpleasant to smell as they burned. Today fragrance is added to improve the scent. Most people however opt for a more modern candle making material.
Beeswax is another substance used in candle making. Bees produce wax as a secret from their abdomen. The wax is used to construct the honeycomb and later beekeepers recover the wax by heating the honeycomb in warm water. Beeswax has a naturally pleasant scent which eliminates the need to add essential oils or other additives to create a scent. Beeswax produces a long lasting, clean burning, environmentally friendly, candle. 100 percent pure beeswax are also commonly required by many religions for their ceremonies.
Paraffin is a popular candle making material. Paraffin wax is a derivative of petroleum, left over from the refinement process. Most candles today are made of this substance. Paraffin can be easily perfumed and colored since it is naturally odorless and paraffin candles do not frost like natural wax candles do. Paraffin can be engineered to have either a low or a high melt point, which makes it extremely versatile substance for candle making.
One of the newest substances used to produce candles is soy. Soy candles are slower burning than paraffin candles. They are also all natural and do not produce the soot that other materials produce when they are burned in candles . Soot from excess candle burning can damage walls and furniture. Soy candles are made from soybeans and vegetables. Some soy candles are 100 percent soy while other soy based contain some other natural additives such as vegetable based botanical oils, palm oil or beeswax. Soy candles are non-toxic and many believe they are more pure than other materials used for candle making.